Some inmates complained that fans near their beds were not working, and that their shoes were melting from the heat. He also instituted the world's first all-juvenile volunteer chain gang; volunteers earned high school credit toward a diploma.During the summer of 2003, when outside temperatures exceeded 110 °F (43 °C), Arpaio said to complaining inmates, "It's 120 degrees in Iraq and the soldiers are living in tents and they didn't commit any crimes, so shut your mouths! One of Arpaio's public relations actions was the requirement that inmates wear pink underwear in order to prevent its theft by the released inmates.broadcasting classical music, opera, Frank Sinatra hits, patriotic music, and educational programming five days a week, four hours each day. Wake ruled in 20 that the Maricopa County jails violated the constitutional rights of inmates in medical and other care-related issues.On July 2, 2011, when the temperature in Phoenix hit 118 °F (48 °C), Arpaio measured the temperature inside Tent City tents at 145 °F (63 °C).In one case he was a defendant in a decade-long suit in which a federal court issued an injunction barring him from conducting further "immigration round-ups".A federal court subsequently found that after the order was issued, Arpaio's office continued to detain "persons for further investigation without reasonable suspicion that a crime has been or is being committed." Following his army discharge in 1954, Arpaio moved to Washington, D.He introduced pink handcuffs, using the event to promote his book, Sheriff Joe Arpaio, America's Toughest Sheriff.In November 2010, Arpaio created an armed illegal immigration operations posse to help his deputies enforce immigration law.
He served as a police officer in Las Vegas for six months before being appointed as a special agent with the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, which later became part of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).
Despite allegations of misuse of funds received from these sales, Arpaio declined to provide an accounting for the money.
Arpaio's success in gaining press coverage with the pink underwear resulted in his extending the use of the color.
He served as the 36th Sheriff of Maricopa County, Arizona for 24 years, from 1993 to 2017, losing reelection to Democrat Paul Penzone in 2016.
Arpaio styled himself as "America's Toughest Sheriff".