Consequences of invalidating environments

An Attachment-Based Model of Parental Alienation: Foundations, C. "The paradoxical finding that the more punishment a juvenile receives the stronger becomes its attachment to the punishing figure, very difficult to explain in any other theory, is compatible with the view that the function of attachment behavior is protection from predators." Bowlby, J.

When abandoned or disappointed by other people they may show what on the surface looks like depression, but which on further examination emerges as anger and resentment, loaded with revengeful wishes, rather than real sadness for the loss of a person whom they appreciated.” (Kernberg, 1975, p. The younger children visit their father but express great unhappiness with the situation.” “The rigid triangle can also take the form of a stable coalition. Enmeshment in one parent-child relationship is often counterbalanced by disengagement between the child and the other parent (Cowan & Cowan, 1990; Jacobvitz, Riggs, & Johnson, 1999).” Macfie, J. Revisiting the construct of boundary dissolution: A multidimensional perspective. From page 10 "By binding the child in an overly close and dependent relationship, the enmeshed parent creates a psychological unhealthy childrearing environment that interferes with the child's development of an autonomous self... Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 881-895. Activation of the attachment system in adulthood: Threat-related primes increase the accessibility of mental representations of attachment figures.

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