The Arawak introduced agriculture to Antigua and Barbuda.
Among other crops, they cultivated the now noted Antiguan "Black" pineapple.
In 1729, a man named Hercules was hanged, drawn, and quartered and three others were burnt alive, for conspiring to kill the slave owner Crump and his family.
In 1736, an enslaved man called "Prince Klaas" (whose real name was Court) allegedly planned an uprising in which white slavers would be massacred.
For example, a popular Antiguan dish, dukuna (), is a cooked paste made of cornmeal and water. As a result, the Arawak and Carib populated much of the South American and the Caribbean islands. Sir Christopher Codrington, an Englishman, established the first permanent European settlement.
Their descendants live throughout South America, particularly Brazil, Venezuela and Colombia. From that point on, Antigua history took a dramatic turn.
It is one of the Leeward Islands in the Caribbean region and the main island of the country of Antigua and Barbuda.
Antigua and Barbuda became an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations on 1 November 1981. The capital is situated in the north-west and has a deep harbour which is able to accommodate large cruise ships.
The slaves lived in wretched and overcrowded conditions and could be mistreated or even killed by their owners with impunity.The economy is mainly reliant on tourism, with the agricultural sector serving the domestic market. Other leading population settlements are All Saints (3,412) and Liberta (2,239), according to the 2001 census.English Harbour on the south-eastern coast is famed for its protected shelter during violent storms.It is the site of a restored British colonial naval station called "Nelson's Dockyard" after Captain Horatio Nelson.Today English Harbour and the neighbouring village of Falmouth are known as a yachting and sailing destination and provisioning centre.