Drawing profile sections and interpretation of geological maps of different complexities.
Special topics inf the form of case studies will be discussed related to: Introduction to sustainability: humanity and environment, the evolution of environmental policy, climate and global change, climate processes: external and internal controls, modern climate change, climate projections, biosphere, soil and sustainability, biodiversity and ecosystem functions, physical resources: water, pollution, minerals, environmental and resource economics, modern environmental management, systems of waste management, sustainable energy systems, sustainable infrastructure, embodied energy, life cycle, sustainable materials and construction, problem solving and tools of sustainability Phase relations; Soil classification, index properties, grain-size distribution; Effective stress principle; Flow through porous media, Darcy’s law, permeability, different heads, 2-D Seepage and flow nets; Compaction characteristics; Compressibility and Consolidation characteristics, 1-D compression response, Terzaghi’s theory of consolidation, secondary consolidation; Settlement of foundations, immediate and time-dependent settlement, allowable settlement; Shear-strength of Soil, Mohr-coulomb failure criteria, direct shear and UC tests; in situ test – SPT, CPT; Earth-pressure theory, Coulomb and Rankine approaches; Bearing capacity, failure modes, generalized bearing capacity equation, net- and gross bearing capacity, allowable bearing pressure.
Basic structural behavior and design of low-rise bearing wall buildings; Basic material properties; Strength design of unreinforced masonry elements; Allowable stress design of unreinforced masonry elements; Introduction to reinforced masonry; Introduction to confined masonry.
Surveying using Kinematic GPS and data interpretation 3. Design of tension members; Design of beams; Design of compression members; Analysis of eccentrically loaded columns; Design of beam-columns; Design of connections (riveted, bolted and welded); Single and built-up sections.
Introduction to Surveying, Types of land surveys; Instruments, Topograhpic maps and its interpretation, Measurements and Errors; Units; Types of Errors; Precision and Accuracy; Error Propagation.
Concepts of GPS; GPS receivers; GPS positioning mode- point positioning & relative positioning (DGPS & RTK GPS); GPS accuracy and error sources, Applications of GPS.
Engineering properties and classification of intact rock and rock masses; Geophysical methods and deformability tests in rock mass; Estimation of stresses in rock mass; Rock tunneling; Stability of rock slopes; Drilling and Blasting for underground and open excavations; Grouting in rocks; Rock reinforcement; Rock foundation.
Single Degree-of-Freedom Systems; Multi Degree-of-Freedom Systems; Modal Analysis; Numerical Methods; Seismology, Earthquake Dynamics; Nonlinearity; Structural Design Approaches, Displacement Prediction; Damage Measures; Capacity Design; Reinforced Concrete Structures; Steel Structures.