The language of the Roma population is Romany, although many Roma combine that language with Romanian. The flag consists of blue, yellow, and red vertical stripes that symbolize Transylvania, Moldavia, and Walachia, respectively.
The coat of arms, adopted in 1992, consists of a gold eagle against a blue background holding a cross in its beak, a sword in one claw, and a scepter in the other.
The Transylvanian Alps in the central region contain the highest peak, Mount Moldoveanu.
The eastern and southern regions are characterized by rolling plains.
Today the Jewish population is estimated at less than 10,000.
The German population has also decreased significantly.
Serious environmental problems include soil erosion and water and air pollution from unregulated industrial development.
Because of economic hardship, the government has been slow to enforce laws that place restraints on industry. The population was estimated to be 22,411,121 in 2000.
They ruled through Greek officials who abused their power to exploit the peasants.In the 1980s, Ceaucescu's government charged citizens large sums for permission to leave the country, a policy Germans felt was aimed specifically at them.Since Ceaucescu's regime fell in 1989, many Germans have emigrated. The official language is Romanian, which has Latin roots that date back to the Roman occupation of the area but also contains words from Greek, Slavic languages, and Turkish.Ninety percent of the people are Romanian, 7 percent are Hungarian, and 2 percent are Roma.The remainder is made up of Germans, Ukrainians, and others.